This lesson lists some common Spanish verbs ending in ‘-ir’. There are two separate lists: one for regular ‘-ir’ verbs and another for irregular verbs. Read on to begin learning some new Spanish terms and phrases.
Conjugating Common Spanish Verbs Ending in -ir
There are many Spanish verbs ending in -ir. Some of them are regular (like the verb vivir, meaning ‘to live’), which means these verbs can be conjugated with the same endings based on the person (e.g., yo _____, el/ella _____, etc.). Others are irregular (like the verb decir, meaning ‘to say’), which are conjugated differently from regular verbs. If you’d like to learn about -ir verb conjugation, you can review other lessons that cover conjugations of irregular and regular verbs.
In this lesson, we will not conjugate the verb. Instead we’ll learn and practice -ir verbs by imagining we want to do the activities these verbs imply. In other words, we’ll simply say quiero (pronounced: kee-eh-roh), which means ‘I want’. After saying quiero, you simply add any regular or irregular -ir verb. Remember, in Spanish the ‘I,’ or yo is understood and does not need to be used. Now, let’s learn some -ir verbs and practice actively speaking Spanish.
Common Regular Verbs
vivir (to live, pronounced: vee-veer)
escribir (to write, pronounced: ehs-kree-beer)
recibir (to receive, pronounced: reh-see-beer)
permitir (to allow, pronounced: per-mee-teer)
abrir (to open, pronounced: ah-breer)
subir (to go up, pronounced: soo-beer)
decidir (to decide, pronounced: deh-see-deer)
asistir (to attend, pronounced: ah-sis-teer)
consumir (to consume, pronounced: kohn-soo-meer)
definir (to define, pronounced: deh-fee-neer)
describir (to describe, pronounced: dehs-kree-beer)
insistir (to insist, pronounced: in-sis-teer)
persistir (to persist, pronounced: per-sis-teer)
prohibir (to prohibit, pronounced: pro-ee-beer)
sufrir (to suffer, pronounced: soo-freer)
dividir (to divide, pronounced: dee-bee-deer)
imprimir (to print, pronounced: eem-pree-meer)
discutir (to discuss, pronounced: dees-koo-teer)
omitir (to omit, pronounced: oh-mee-teer)
compartir (to share, pronounced: kom-pahr-teer)
añadir (to add, pronounced: ah-nya-deer)
aplaudir (to applaud, pronounced: ah-plaoo-deer)
Remember, you can say ‘I want _____’ by using quiero _____. For example, ‘I want to share’ would be quiero compartir.
Common Irregular Verbs
ir (to go, pronounced: eer)
decir (to say, pronounced: deh-seer)
venir (to come, pronounced: veh-neer)
repetir (to repeat, pronounced: reh-peh-teer)
salir (to leave and to go out, pronounced: sah-leer)
dormir (to sleep, pronounced: dohr-meer)
conducir (to drive, pronounced: kohn-doo-seer)
reír (to laugh, pronounced: reh-eer)
preferir (to prefer, pronounced: preh-feh-reer)
servir (to serve, pronounced: sehr-beer)
oír (to hear, pronounced: oh-eer)
construir (to build, pronounced: kohns-troo-eer)
Now try putting your knowledge to practice. How would you say ‘I want to go’? Quiero _____. How about ‘I want to sleep’? Keep practicing.
Verbs in Context
To put each verb in context, let’s look at some examples that illustrate the use of each verb. The examples do not exhaust the possibilities for each verb, but they give you a context to begin.
Let’s begin with regular verbs:
vivir: en Miami, con mis padres (to live: in Miami, with my parents)
escribir: un mensaje, un correo electrónico (to write: a message, an e-mail)
Quiero escribir un mensaje.
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