1. The United States has been described as a “melting pot” and more recently as a “salad bowl” with people from all races living together in a multicultural society. Having ‘come a long way’ when looking at race relations in American society, many argue that we no longer experience racism like we did in the past. When discussing race relations and racism, we must first start with the concept of race.
(a) Often times we use the terms race and ethnicity as if they mean the same thing. Define the concepts race and ethnicity and explain how the concepts differ. In your definition of race, explain what is meant by the ‘social construction of race’ and discuss the arguments used to support this claim. (10 points) Hint: The case of Rachel Dolezal (head of the NAACP) served as an example of one of the arguments in the social construction discourse. There are 4 arguments that we discussed in class.
(b) In an effort to explain the current status interactions between racial groups, define race relations and discuss the 3 potential outcomes of group interaction. Where do we find ourselves?
(c) It can be argued that racism exists in different forms in current society and that institutional racial discrimination is more prevalent than individual racial discrimination. (i)Define the term institutionalized racial discrimination and (ii) discuss some of the structural ways that racial inequality exists today by providing detailed examples of institutionalized racial discrimination in the housing or criminal justice system. (10 points)