# 4.What price do farmers get for their watermelon crops?

4.What price do farmers get for their watermelon crops? In the third week of July, a random sample of 43

farming regions gave a sample mean of = $6.88 per 100 pounds of watermelon. Assume that σ is known to be $2.00 per 100 pounds.

(a) Find a 90% confidence interval for the population mean price (per 100 pounds) that farmers in this region get for their watermelon crop (in dollars). What is the margin of error (in dollars)? (For each answer, enter a number. Round your answers to two decimal places.)

lower limit $

upper limit $

margin of error $

(b) Find the sample size necessary for a 90% confidence level with maximal error of estimate E = 0.37 for the mean price per 100 pounds of watermelon. (Enter a number. Round up to the nearest whole number.)

farming regions

(c) A farm brings 15 tons of watermelon to market. Find a 90% confidence interval for the population mean cash value of this crop (in dollars). What is the margin of error (in dollars)? Hint: 1 ton is 2000 pounds. (For each answer, enter a number. Round your answers to two decimal places.)

lower limit $

upper limit $

margin of error $

5.

Over the past several months, an adult patient has been treated for tetany (severe muscle spasms). This condition is associated with an average total calcium level below 6 mg/dl. Recently, the patient’s total calcium tests gave the following readings (in mg/dl). Assume that the population of x values has an approximately normal distribution.

9.7

8.8

10.7

9.1

9.4

9.8

10.0

9.9

11.2

12.1

(a) Use a calculator with mean and sample standard deviation keys to find the sample mean reading and the sample standard deviation s. (in mg/dl; round your answers to two decimal places.)

= mg/dl

s = mg/dl

(b) Find a 99.9% confidence interval for the population mean of total calcium in this patient’s blood. (in mg/dl; round your answer to two decimal places.)

lower limit mg/dl

upper limit mg/dl

(c) Based on your results in part (b), do you think this patient still has a calcium deficiency? Explain.

Yes. This confidence interval suggests that the patient may still have a calcium deficiencYes. This confidence interval suggests that the patient no longer has a calcium deficiency.

No. This confidence interval suggests that the patient may still have a calcium deficiency.No. This confidence interval suggests that the patient no longer has a calcium deficiency.

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