# problem set1 1

Group Problem Set 1: This problem Set is based on materials covered in modules 1 and 2. It is designed for you to demonstrate your understanding of basic financial statements, financial statement analysis, break-even concepts, financial and operating leverages. Before you start this assignment, please review Modules 1 and 2 materials thoroughly.
Finance date of Adams Stores, Inc. for the year ending 2016 and 2017.

Items

2016

2017

Sales

\$3,432,000

\$5,834,400

Cash

9,000

7,282

Other Expenses

340,000

720,000

Retained Earnings

203,768

97,632

Long-term debt

323,432

1,000,000

Cost of goods sold

2,864,000

4,980,000

Depreciation

18,900

116,960

Short-term investments

48,600

20,000

Fixed Assets

491,000

1,202,950

Interest Expenses

62,500

176,000

Shares outstanding (par value = \$46.00)

100,000

100,000

Market Price of stock

8.50

6

Accounts Receivable

351,200

632,160

Accounts payable

145,600

324,000

Inventory

715,200

1,287,360

Notes Payable

200,000

720,000

Accumulated Depreciation

146,200

263,160

Accruals

136,000

284,960

Tax Rate40%40%
Instructions:
complete the following activities using the financial information above:
Part 1: Financial Statements

Prepare the income statement for 2016 and 2017. Include statement of retained earnings for 2017. The company paid \$11,000 dividend in 2017.
Prepare the balance sheet for 2016 and 2017
Prepare Common-Size financial statements of income statement and balance sheet.
Prepare Statement of Cash Flows.

Part 2: Financial Statement Analysis

Based on your financial statements (from Part 1), calculate the following ratios for the two years. Show all your calculations in good form. Show your formulas. If you use excel, each calculation need to show the excel formula
Comments on the ratios by comparing 2016 to 2017 ratios.
Assume Adams Stores, Inc. is a retail company similar to WalMart, Myers, or Target. Compare 2017 ratios to the industry average. Please note that Adams Stores, Inc. is not a real company. To find comparable industry ratios, you need to search for industry ratios for retail. See information on Moodle for instructions on how to find industry ratios. Based on the industry average, how is Adams Stores, Inc. doing financially?

Current ratio
Quick ratio
Inventory turnover (times)
Average collection period (days)
Total asset turnover (times)
Debt ratio
Times interest earned
Gross profit margin
Net profit margin
Return on total assets
Return on equity
P/E ratio
Return on equity using DuPont Analysis
Part 3: Break-even, Financial and Operating Leverages

Johnson Products, Inc.

Income Statement

For the Year Ended December 31, 2018

Sales (40,000 bags at \$50 each)……………………………..

\$2,000,000

Less: Variable costs (40,000 bags at \$25)…………….

1,000,000

Fixed costs……………………………………………………..

600,000

Earnings before interest and taxes …………………………

400,000

Interest expense…………………………………………………..

120,000

Earnings before taxes ………………………………………….

280,000

Income tax expense (20%)…………………………………….

56,000

Net income………………………………………………………….

\$ 224,000

Based on the information above, calculate (show all calculations and responses in good form):

Break-even in units (in dollars and units). Explain what your numbers mean. As a manager, how would you use the numbers in financial planning?
What is the degree of financial leverage? Explain what your number mean. As a manager, how would you use the numbers in financial planning?
What is the degree of operating leverage? Explain what your number mean. As a manager, how would you use the numbers in financial planning?

Specific Instructions:

Due: Last day of this Module.
Include only the names of your group members who participated in this assignment when you submit.
Submit only one copy per group.
You may use Excel or Word. Please DO NOT use any other format such PDF, etc.

Side Note: Please note that this is not the type of assignment where the assignment is divided and each student completes the part that is assigned. Each person in your group need participate fully in the completion of each part of the assignment.

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